Asteraceae or Sunflower Family
Growth Habit: Perennial, erect up to 2 feet tall.
Leaves: 2-5 inches long, leaves reduce in size upward on the stem.
Stems: Glabrous to slightly pubescent.
Flowers: One per stem, 1-1/2 inches wide, white petals with yellow centers.
Roots: Shallow, branched rhizomes, and strong adventitious roots.
Seeds: Produces up to 26,000 seeds per plant, which are viable for up to 6 years.
Reproduction: Vegetatively along a rhizome and by seed.
Habitat: Found in meadows, roadsides, native grasslands, pastures, and waste places.
Handpulling: Can be an effective method of control, especially on small infestations, if carried out persistently over the course of several years. Care should be taken to remove as much of the plant's root system as possible in order to minimize re-growth from missed root fragments.
Mowing: This is not an effective method of control, but can be utilized to reduce seed production. Mowing should be done just as the infestation begins to flower and should be repeated if the growing season is long enough to permit a second or third flowering.
Biological Control: N/A
Grazing: Under normal grazing conditions, oxeye daisy infestations will increase in density and size. Heavy, intense grazing will force livestock to feed on oxeye daisy and reduce seed production, but may also damage competitive, desirable species as well.
Herbicide: The following herbicides are labelled for control of oxeye daisy. Always consult product labels and read them carefully to ensure correct species/land management usage and chemical application.
|Trade Name:||Active Ingredient:||Rate:||Efficacy:||Comments:|
|Forefront R&P||aminopyralid + 2,4-D||2-2.5 pts/acre||most effective if used on rosette to early flower stages||
Can be applied to waters edge;
|Milestone||aminopyralid||4-6 oz/acre||most effective if used pre-bud||Can be applied to waters edge;
cannot be used in landscaped areas and current or future vegetable gardens,
mulch or manure from treated areas should not be applied to vegetable gardens or composted for vegetable gardens
|Escort||metsulfuron||.5 oz/acre||most effective if used on rosette to early flower stages||Cannot be used near wells, surface water or shallow ground water.|